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Top 8 Computer Science Trends in 2020

Keeping up with computer science trends can be tricky as computing has been moving at a breakneck pace since the start of Web 2.0.

Keeping up with computer science trends can be tricky as computing has been moving at a breakneck pace since the start of Web 2.0.

Trends in computer science are still changing quickly twenty years later – but don’t stress. In this post, Next Trend is bringing you the scoop on the top computer science trends of 2020.

Kubernetes Trends

What is it? 

Kubernetes is an open-source application management system launched by Google in 2014. Kubernetes clusters physical and virtual machines into a shared network. This network is then layered to create a brain-like ecosystem capable of managing complicated tasks extremely efficiently. 

Who uses it? 

Kubernetes is used by companies who operate a wide range of infrastructure – like Shopify and Google. 

The future of Kubernetes trends lies in microservices, as Kubernetes is deploying microservices for containers in 2021. Kubernetes’ careers are also about to explode, as the platform is now the de-facto option for container orchestration internationally. That’s why this computer science trend just topped our list.

aws lambda computer science trends

What is it? 

AWS Lambda is the world’s first serverless computing platform, released by Amazon in 2014. The platform allows users to upload self-contained applications written several programming languages (including iterations of Node.js, Python, Ruby, Java and C#). 

AWS Lambda runs user’s applications on their servers, reducing the cost of infrastructure for developers. Unlike other serverless computing platforms, AWS Lambda is charged in metered increments of 100 milliseconds. 

Who uses it? 

AWS is primarily used by developers and multinational companies with custom-built programs and applications. The platform currently has over 100,000 active customers.

AWS Lambda is in the process of adding Rust 1.31 and C++ to their list of supported programming languages and runtimes. AWS Lambda is also releasing custom runtimes in Amazon Linux 2 (AL2). 

3. Microsoft Azure

microsoft azure computer science trends

What is it?

Microsoft Azure (formerly ‘Windows Azure’) is a public cloud computing platform. The platform is hosted on a series of international servers, which use a hypervisor to allow users access to a virtual machine running on either Microsoft Windows or Linux. 

This system allows users to run programs outside the normal operating capacity of their computer. Microsoft Azure’s platform has over 600 different options for a range of users, including SaaS, PaaS, IaaS and Internet of Things (IoT) services. 

Who uses it? 

In 2020, Azure has roughly 715 million users listed on their active directory – from startups to Fortune 500 companies. While all users have access to Azure’s entire catalogue of functions, they are only charged for the services they actually use. 

Microsoft Azure’s market share is growing quickly, generating $11.9 billion in the second quarter of 2020. While Microsoft is secretive about Azure’s future, the company is investing $5 billion into its IoT capabilities.

4. Serverless Computing

Serverless Computing-computr-science-trends

What is it? 

Serverless computing is a form of FaaS where users outsource their backend server infrastructure to a provider. This allows users to focus on their business without worrying about maintaining a data-centre full of servers. Serverless computing is a form of cloud computing and emerged in 2014 as a way to reduce the cost of server hosting. 

Who uses it? 

Serverless computing is charged at an ‘as used’ rate, making it accessible for everyone –  from CS students to multinational corporations. Popular public serverless computing options include Amazon AWS, IBM Cloud Functions and Microsoft Azure.

The future of serverless computing lies in serverless databases. These databases allow companies to host their data offsite, which is a safer option in an industry where data is a currency.

5. Chatbots

chatbot trends computer science trends

What is it? 

Chatbots are computer programs that use artificial intelligence to talk to humans. Simple Chatbots like Facebook’s Swelly are capable of responding to simple questions and requests by using keywords to fetch pre-written answers. More complicated chatbots like Alexa can use machine learning to adapt to a users language and predict their desired response. 

Who uses it? 

Anyone with an internet connection and a bit of spare time can build a chatbot, but they are most popular on company websites and in customer service. Roughly 80% of retail businesses use chatbots. 

Chatbots had a rocky start (looking at you, Microsoft Tay), but they have a bright future ahead of them. Chatbot developers are now using natural-language processing to help chatbots adapt to accents and move away from using keyword-based functions. 

AWS Athena

What is it? 

AWS Athena is a serverless ETL query service that allows Amazon S3 (Amazon Simple Storage Service) users to analyze data without using a separate analytics program. Athena is built into the AWS Management Console and connects with Amazon QuickSight to give users real-time data visualisations. Athena is designed to work with semi-structured, unstructured and structured data sets, and does not require the user to manually upload or aggregate data.

Who uses it? 

AWS Athena was created specifically for data analysts who are already using Amazon S3. The majority of Athena’s customers are working with big data. 

Amazon is currently expanding Athena’s publicly accessible data collection, in the hopes of bringing Athena to non-S3 users

AWS Athena

What is it? 

GraphQL is a query language used by developers. Unlike the other trends on this list, GraphQL is not a service. Instead, it is a concept that developers can implement themselves. Developers create a database of predetermined types, fields and functions and use queries to fetch the desired answer.

Who uses it? 

GraphQL is used exclusively by developers. It was originally developed by Facebook in 2015, but is now used by companies like Airbnb, PayPal and Audi. 

GraphQL is quickly gaining traction worldwide, and will soon be a standard skill of every new developer. 

Flutter Trends

What is it? 

Flutter is a mobile UI framework that allows developers to use pre-existing Dart code to develop programs quickly. It was launched by Google in 2015 and is capable of developing applications for iOS, Linux, Mac, Windows, Google, and Android devices. 

Who uses it? 

Flutter is used by mobile app developers internationally. It is open-source and free to all users. 

Flutter has been called the “future of mobile development” and is already considered superior to React Native. The platform is still growing, with Google expanding Flutter’s chatbot and Android functions. 

 

This concludes the latest Computer Science Trends in 2020

Trends in computer science will always move quickly – but there is no reason to be left behind. Download Next Trend and discover the next computer science trends before they take off.